Style 2008


11 Eвгения A. Гончарова (Санкт-Петербург)
Medial aspect of text formulation modus as a problem of stylistics
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The article focuses on written and oral (medial) text forms as an important component of the formulation modus, or the stylistic information of the text.The article shows that the medial aspect of the text is revealed differently in various fields of human cognition and communicative activity, reacting to typical communicative situations. At the same time, the medial aspect of the text creates unequal conditions for the actualization of subjective intentions of the author and receiver of the text.

21 Александр Гадомский (Симферополь)
The stylistic approach to religious language analysis

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For the early 1990s, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian and other scholars proposed to divide the religious style as a self-sufficient style, what caused numerous discussions.
Yu. Mistrik was one of the first Slavonic linguists to work on describing the religious style. His ideas aroused interest of Polish linguists: M. Wojtak, M. Makuchowski, D. Bieńkowski, and others.
Russian linguist, L. P. Krysin started to investigate the religious style approximately in the same time as Western-Slavonic languages researchers. Later also other scholars paid their attention on this problem: I. V. Bugaeva, I. M. Goldberg, S. A. Gosteeva, M. N. Kozhina, O. A. Krylova, S. G. Makarova, O. B. Sirotinina, and others.
Similar problems were investigated in Ukrainian linguistics (in the field of Ukrainian as well as Russian philology) by: L. L. Shevchenko, A. K. Gadomski, and other researchers. Various terminology is used in the contemporary Slavonic linguistics in order to describe the religious style. Its diversity proves that this question hasn’t been answered in contemporary linguistics yet, and that the problem of the religious style is multiplanar and multidimensional, and that the scholars are not unanimous in question. The terms of “religious language” and “religious style” are being confused quite often.
The author proposes to divide the terms of “religious language” and “religious style” and attempts to determine place of the religious style in the system of styles of religious and secular language. He tries to analyze terminology connected with describing the religious style, and to describe such criteria of determining the religious style as religious, confessional, ethnic, language identity, genre diversity and the field of religious texts usage.

37 Switlana Iwanenko (Kiew)
Starting-points of inter lingual text stylistics researches in German and Ukraine

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Last ten years many earnest publications appeared about text stylistics (G. Solganik, M. Brandes, B. Sandig), but didn’t exist the inter lingual text stylistics. This field of scientific research is open for its pioneers. As starting-points must be considered the choice or the substantiation of the typical text model, which elements will be analysed as a part of text style research. When as such text elements the composition forms, tonalities and architectonic forms were considered, they were compared with the such forms in the texts of the same functional style and genre and of the same age. Siatkowska proposes to analyse the vertical and horizontal text structure of the same time in various languages and also its phonology, morphology, word-formation, vocabulary and phraseology. It is aft er Sandig the stylistic analyse of elementary level. In the first place we are interested in phonological musicality / un musicality or phonological text symbolism, its energy, which can not be investigated with special apparatus of the quantum level but it is possible to research the text rhythm, its euphony. We can establish that the alliteration as the element of euphony is presented in the texts in German more frequently as in the texts in Ukraine however alternation and epenthesis are not characteristically for German. Level stress is in the German texts prevails over the texts in Ukraine. Non verbal communication means, whose accompany the speech, were interpreted on the whole correctly by speakers of both languages. The optical perception of the texts in both languages is based on their perception as area of marks (Roman type and Cyrillic type – as a basic type antique, Gothic type only in the texts of Gothic youth subculture in both languages, seldom in German press), whose are directed from left to right and from top to bottom. Concerning the pragmatic aspect of the text we can say, that rhema in the texts of offi cial and press style is in German text at the end of sentence and in Ukraine at the beginning. The speech acts of the communicators depend mostly on their mentality. In order to compare in full measure the communicative strategies and tactics of communicators we need well-grounded sociolinguistic investigations of representative mentality some couple of languages.

47 Андрей А. Богатырёв, Oльга П. Богатырёва (Tверь)
On Different Teaching Styles in Linguo-didactic Text Production and Text Processing in TEFL practices

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The article contains an outline of different teaching styles in English as a Foreign Language acquisition practices within view of so called ‘text-biased’ approach. The notion of linguodidactic text is being reviewed and criticized. The styles of teaching and learning EFL are treated as styles of training text production. Holistic assessment of English linguo-didactic text as a dynamic teaching/learning entity in action supposes a shift from stimulus sub-text of a teacher toward a scheme-based (strategic) text construction by students. Stylistic diversity in English as a Foreign Language linguo-didactic text formation is based on preferences in choosing between (a) tesserae, (b) completing and (c) trailer-car text production manners. The first of the list (a) is based on strict one-to-one correspondence principle concerning student’s part of interactive linguo-didactic text production, the second (b) is based on principle of situational interpretative reconstruction of meaning of English text or vice versa – situation-based meaning construction within frame of initiatory English text production, the third (c) supposes a formally free-hand language behavior (speech activity), concerning topics, found in stimulus linguo-didactic sub-text (regarded as a part of a larger whole of linguo-didactic text entity, including those subtexts of the didactic task and student’s response). A dividing line is being drawn between the concept of text as perfect communicative whole and so-called ‘textoid’ – lexicalgrammatical construction, lacking definite (intelligible) performative meaning. The first seems to be much more close to student-biased communicative language teaching policy. So we meet here a significant Teaching Foreign Language style divergence.

61 Dorota Szczęśniak (Kraków)
The art of literary precision: on the specificity of aphoristic style

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The following presents the stylistic characteristics of the short prose form, the aphorism. The article briefly describes the historical development of this genre (Hippocrates, La Rochefoucauld, German and Austrian aphorists, Oscar Wilde, Stanislaw Jerzy Lec), and points to several tendencies of the contemporary aphorism (fragmentarism, language experiments). Brevity, conciseness, originality, ambiguity, wisdom as well as universality are mentioned as constructive elements of the aphorism genre. The aphoristic style is characterized by irony and a sense of humor, as well as the presence of several rhetorical devices, such as: paradoxes, antitheses, worday, ellipsis – which help aphorisms have a compact language form.

69 Ирина В. Бугаева (Москва)
Modern missionary parable in a religious discourse

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The clause is devoted to the analysis of a modern missionary parable with own purpose, the concrete addressee, the certain communicative situations, the characteristic language means and new versions. In the missionary activity modern clerics use not only bible parables, but create new one, following ancient tradition and considering features of outlook and mentality of the modern person.
The special features of the modern parable are the brevity, direct/indirect edification, a special way of psychological influence on the addressee, allegories, conditionality of a plot an object in view concern; concentration on one moral idea which is to some extent going back to bible precepts and theological doctrines; generalization.
Analyzed texts (more than 260) represent some versions of the modern missionary parable, classified are composite and thematically: the classical parable which is going back to the bible sample; a parable-narration; a parable-fable; a parable-reference, a parablehomily often consisting of several aphorisms.

81 Oльга A. Прохватилова (Волгоград)
On Imperative Paradigm in Modern Religious Speech

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The article is devoted to an arrangement of an imperative paradigm in the text of sermon and prayer and comparison of their prosodic patterns.
The attention is focused on the analysis of imperative forms that are widely used in the texts of prayers: imperative of the 2nd person singular and combinations of inflective forms of the verb in the 3rd person singular followed by a syntactic particle da.
Canonical prayer declamation traditionally emulates pronunciation typical of Ecclesiastical-Slavonic sacred texts. As it follows from the analysis of canonical prayer discourse semantics of the imperative (an appeal for action) and its specifications that are viewed as significant for the text of prayers (i.e. litany, orison, supplication, wish) are not usually explicated with the means of prosody. The deviation from the canonical prayer prosody resembles the declamation style, it is characterized by a sequential pattern of intonation, which helps to convey the content meaning of the imperative and its parts.
The asemantic intonation pattern of the prayer phonation is explained by its discursive environment – hypercommunication aimed at perception of the sacred Word from the Saviour.
The study of the sermon imperative forms paradigm has shown that its wider than that of the religious prayers in general and includes forms of the 2nd person plural; synthetic and analytical forms of the 1st person singular (collateral acts); analytical forms of the 3rd person singular followed by the particles pust’, da; analytical forms of conjunctive mood, some forms of the infi nitive. A non-canonical form of prosody predominates while expressing the semantics of imperative and it results in the change of the dominant pattern; the encouragement of a preacher sounds equivocal, with request, advice, admonition, appeal as the coloring of the volition.
The analysis of the sermon phonation helped to discover some prosodic specifications in the explication of imperative meanings, variations of the intonation patterns in the imperative utterances which diff er from the general style of prayer phonation. Intonation patterns assist in presentation of conceptual meaning and emotional-expressive shades of volition. In some cases the phonation was noted to present diff erent degrees of unequivocal volition – claim, appeal (strong demand), wish (soft en demand), in others the emotional-expressive meaning was expressed – solemnity, elation, invigoration, moralization.

95 Tетяна Вільчинська (Київ)
The concept image God in the linguistic-conceptual picture of the world of Ivan Velychkovs’kyi

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This article goes on the research of a sacral concept God on the material of the poetic works of Ivan Velychkovs’kyi. Its analysis in the linguistic-conceptual world picture of a baroque writer gives a chance to outline the unique linguistic and cultural ethnoconcept, presented by the developed microsystem of nominations, with characteristic distribution and word-formation potential. Our observations at the same time certify semanticcognitive diversity of the concept image God, its pragmatic meaningfulness, relation with a cultural context and other.

105 Валерия E. Чернявская (Санкт-Петербург)
Which textual borders the linguist needs: text hybridity

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The article touches upon the problem of intentionally hybrid text genres – genre linkage, genre blending as overlaps between different textbuilding models. It aims at developing and exemplifying a dynamic approach to typological studies.

121 Eлена В. Белоглазова (Санкт-Петербург)
Interdiscourse and polydiscourse: towards the notions’ correlation

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Interdiscoursivity and polydiscoursivity have a common mechanism of dialogue on the discourse level as their basis. The former refers to the process of discourses interaction, focusing on the dynamic aspect of the phenomenon. While the latter accentuates the structural aspect of interaction of discourses taken statically, as reflected in a corpus of texts sharing common sphere of use and ideology.
Both interdiscoursivity and polydiscoursivity amass to heterogeneity on the cognitive level, i.e. incoherence of texts, which accordingly become harder to process. Therefore, polydiscoursivity, being a complexity factor, should show relation to the category of addressee. The hypothesis is verifi ed by the analysis of discourse structures of two corpi of texts, aimed at addressees of different ages, positioned on the extremes of the age of childhood. The analysis yields the hypothesized conclusion of direct relation between the degree of the text polydiscoursivity and the age of the addressee.
While interdiscourse appears to vary from text to text, polydiscourse is relatively stable, including only the central elements of the general discourse structure of the corresponding corpus of texts. At that the central status of a certain discourse in a polydiscourse is guaranteed by the ideology factor.

131 Наталья В. Соловьева (Пермь)
Scientific Discussion as a Genre in the Form of a Collection

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The article is devoted to the description of two types of discussions-collections. A genre in the form of a collection is an aggregate of the texts which are joined by semantic unity and participate in the communication in the same way. Сollection 1 is a scientific discussion on the stylistics issues where tolerant speech interaction of communicants based on the observance of speech rules is realized. The partners of this discussion take part in a dialogue, using cooperative strategies and tactics. Сollection 2 (discussion on philosophy issues) is a controversy so far as communicants have the aim of the contradiction of opponent’s conception and affirmation of their own ones, using incorrect methods that correlate with intolerant speech interaction.

139 Tетяна В. Радзієвська (Київ)
Diary records and narrativization of personal experience

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The paper deals with discoursive forms of real diary records, its author was a “simple man” – M. T. Boboshko, a salesman in a small Ukrainian town Kobieliaki (Poltava region). The diary describes events of the period of 1916–1921: the World War I, the revolution and the civil war.
Diary records are analyzed within the scope of narrativization of the author’s personal experience manifested in chosen verbal forms. The analysis shows that the diary narrative and its sentential components are formed under the influence of 1) the concept of a diary and its main idea of daily records, and 2) the notion of communicative value of an event which scope in the considered case is changing in the process of making records. One should mention here sentences with semantic and syntactic lacunae, preferences in using numbers and notes about numerable things, lack of expressive lexical means. From the functional point of view the analyzed case of diary records can be interpreted as an example of self-realization of an individual in verbal activity dealing with reinterpretation of personal experience.

151 Ксенија Кончаревић (Београд)
Concerning the issue of confrontational linguoculturological researches

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This paper deals with the necessity of founding the confrontational linguoculturology of Russian and Serbian language. A number of concepts concerning the issue of the confrontational researches in the field of the linguoculturology is presented here, and then follows the basis of the methodology of the confrontational analysis of Russian and Serbian languages within the model of the linguoculturological field. The basic units of analysis – linguoculturemes of the hierarchically organized classes and categories are outlined and systematized, and the methodology of their systematic and structural and functional research is described with an aim of noticing the sameness, similarities and differences between Russian and Serbian languages. The theoretical concepts are based on linguoculturemes which structure the field of “Russian and Serbian Orthodox tradition”.

163 Светлана Ю. Воробьева (Волгоград)
The structure of palimpsest in postmodernistic paradigm (based on the novel “Kys” by T. Tolstaya

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In the article the structural model of palimpsest as a possible invariant of a postmodernistic text is observed. The combination of several cultural codes is a categorical indication of this text type.
The practical part is devoted to the analysis of the novel “Kys” by Tatyana Tolstaya in terms of the given structural model functioning.

173 Anna Ginter (Łódź)
Metonymy and the meaning construction – on the material of The Promised Land by Władysław Stanisław Reymont

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In the present article, metonymy has been discussed in terms of cognitive linguistic theory, as a reflection of metonymic processes in conceptual system. According to Radden and Kovecses (1999: 21), metonymy can be described as a “cognitive process in which one conceptual entity, the vehicle, provides mental access to another conceptual entity, the target, within the same domain or ICM [Idealized Cognitive Model]”. Metonymic expressions make it possible to combine communicative precision with accenting those aspects that are most important in a particular moment or event.
Such metonymic expressions were used by Vladyslav Reymont in his novel “The Promised Land” to construct image of a naturalistic industrial town. As it has been shown in the article, “Łódź”, “factory” and “millions”, chosen by the author as vehicles, not only provide mental access to other conceptual entities, but also attract the reader’s attention to the elements and aspects that are most significant in the events described in the novel.

183 Tатьяна П. Карпилович (Минск)
Two levels of scientific text structure and their language features

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This paper considers two levels of the structural organization of a scientific article as a genre – its composition and superstructure. Composition is defined as a form of structuralsemantic division of a text. Superstructure (T. van Dijk) is understood as a discourse scheme which comprises semantic components. We complement the latter definition by the notion of discourse markers – words and word combinations used in certain sentence types to signal this or that semantic component in discourse.
The analysis of the scientific articles in philology written by Belarusian- and English- speaking scholars has made it possible to single out similarities and differences in their composition and superstructure. Major differences lie in the formal features of the composition of the articles: Belarusian authors do not always defi ne the boundaries between the composition parts by titles and the reader has to find other features which have been revealed and classified in this paper. The superstructure of the leading parts of the scientific article (abstract, introduction, conclusion) tends to be similar in both the languages, which made it possible to infer the general superstructure of the scientific article: previous research – hypertheme (goal) – results. It is shown that this structure is more concrete than the composition, its realization is not obligatory linear in discourse and its components have semantic nature.

197 Ирина A. Щирова (Санкт-Петербург)
Man as the Measure of Humanities and Text

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Nowadays the text study is stimulated by the cognitive paradigm of modern humanities and by the spiritual creativity of man. To study the nature of the text and its categories, to describe the main components of the communicative dyad “author – reader” as well as to solve any other problems of literary communication, it is necessary to make man himself the conceptual focus of scientific research.
The modern trends in the development of cognitive philosophy and the representation of knowledge as its central concept are treated nowadays as possible methodological principles not only for the cognitive approach as it is, but for the cognitive approach to a fictional text and its basic principles of organization, including foregrounding. The problem of the picture of the world is analyzed in its connection to the conceptual textual organization. On the whole, the revision of the text bases on modern trends in the development of scientific knowledge, the principles of complex thinking among them.
One of the main problems under study today is an interpretative character of contemporary paradigm. Different theoretical approaches to such problems as textual meaning, the author’s intention, the reader’s activities, the subjectivity and limits of interpretation etc. should always be framed as dependent on the culture of particular time.
Human thought has constantly been trying to stress the importance of either the creator or of the co-creator of a fictional text. A good example is traditional hermeneutics that limited the task of the interpreter to mere reconstruction of the original context so that the words of the text could be properly understood. Another example is reader-response criticism that makes the role of the reader particular crucial. Its followers see a literary work as a result of text – reader communication, the latter completing the structure of the text. The notion of the text as a complex utterance is traditionally associated with Bakhtin’s conception of dialogism. This approach to the text takes the addressee’s choice into consideration, thus, responding to the challenge of our time.
It is necessary to mention, however, that all these fruitful orientations sometimes turn into radical ones. Th us when postulating the triumph of the interpreter, some scholars declare the absolute dependence of textual characteristics on the reader’s preferences. Of course, there is no denying the fact that the very existence of the addressee makes the author take the other into account. Interpretation becomes part of the generative process of the text. Being the receiver and the interpreter, the reader makes literary communication complete. Nevertheless, any interpretative choices can’t but depend upon the properties of the text itself, these properties setting limits to the range of legitimate interpretation. In other words, the work embodies objective constraints on the reader. Objectifying in the textual structure but being in fact a cognitive subject, the author seeks to evoke a predetermined response. As the source of aesthetic reality it is the author who is responsible for the integrity of its sense and style, while the reader receives and interprets the aesthetic whole as already structured. To ignore this author’s unique creation is to ignore “the rights” of the author whose individuality as well as the individuality of the reader can’t be underestimated.

213 Eлена Г. Задворная (Минск)
Types of scientific discussion and their pragmatic characteristics

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The article focuses on pragmalinguistic features of two kinds of scientific discussion: “ritualized” (e.g., discussions held while defending dissertations) and “informal” (e.g., discussions taking place at conferences, symposia, workshops, etc.). These discussion types differ in such parameters as: turn-taking, ways of expressing agreement and disagreement with the opponent, the nature of comments on the initiating question or remark, types of evasion tactics.

227 Наталья В. Данилевская (Пермь)
Textforming function of assessment in scientific communication

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The article deals with intellectual assessment and its role in scientific discourse. The content of intellectual assessment is regarded – its cognitive and emotive aspects. The author undertakes an attempt of complex analysis of scientific discourse in terms of the textforming function of intellectual assessment.

237 Mирчета Вемић (Београд)
Perspectives and orientation of the elements of cartographic textualization

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The fundamental composition problem in cartography, as in representative arts (literature, painting, theatre, film, etc) whose works consist of two aspects, that is form and content (picture and model), is the choice of reference points. The first step in the solution of this problem is the choice of the dominant reference point which is, in cartography, equal to choosing mathematical cartographic projection. This fits into the system of central perspective as objectively visible position. That is actually about the fixed visible position, the central projection point of cartographic projection, which being the point of infiniteness is usually located in the centre of the earth.
Simultaneously with ascertaining the main perspective (dominant reference point), which is, in cartography, set by the choice of cartographic projection, the positioning of cartographic signs on the referential map fi elds is being done from two mutually connected reference points; namely, the outsider’s reference point, which is outside the map plane, and the insider’s reference point which is located in the content that is being represented in the map. Th ose two reference points, the one from the “correct” and the other from the “reverse” perspective, infl uence the making of the cartographic signs in the form of orthogonal or terestic representation, as well as their heterogeneous proportionality in simultaneous and synoptic textualization of each element of the map.

251 Григорій Aркушин (Луцьк)
Coextending and Supplemental Cartography in the Regional Atlas of the Ukrainian Language

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Advancements in the principles of cartography have allowed for certain levels of standard to be determined within this discipline, namely – fundamental, coextending, and supplemental. Th e majority of present-day Ukrainian lexical atlases utilize only one method of comparison. However, it is becoming increasingly more common to create maps that also include coextending as well as supplemental cartographical methods as a means of providing greater informational value. It is with this emerging trend in mind that H. Arkushyn has made a detailed analysis of the maps presented in the publication “Atlas of Western-Polissian Faunal Nomenclature.”
In this atlas, the coextending standard level of cartography is utilized on four maps, while the supplemental level is utilized on 24 maps, manifested by means of variouscolored delineations that provide supplemental characteristics for the mapped lexicon in regard to specifics of phonetics, accent and semantics.

257 Bohumila Junková (České Budějovice)
Means of sentence condensation in written journalism

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The paper explores means of sentence condensation in Czech written journalism, focussing on those which are frequent, such as infinitive and participial structures, apposition (including a variety of expanded attributive structures), past participles, and deverbal adjectives. In written journalism, these forms can be employed as means of both language automation and activation.

265 Юрий A. Сорокин (Москва)
Poetic text and its photo-colority-(ana)grams / “linguocolorisms”

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The introduction into Colority Stylistics of Poetic Text opens with criticism of its basic notion – such as photo-colority-(ana)gram. Its phenomenological characteristics and its ontological status as well are treated and discussed in detail in the article.
The analogy between Chinese poems and colorful painting is used by the author to investigate the stylistic diversity of colorful images, evoked or produced in the reader as a result of reception of different quatrains by classical and modern Chinese poets. (The so called ‘poetic versions’ – that is the translations of the poems from Chinese into Russian were in fact produced by the author of the article).The readers’ colority projections of poems have been treated as hierachical three-color-range entities.
As a result of the scrupulous analysis of linguo-psychological experiment data and logical deduction discourse the author of the article arrives at the claim that photo-colority-(ana)grams are not to be regarded as simple signs (ever) ready to account of the poetic text content and meaning in some strictly established direct and steady terms. Quite on the contrary, they ought to be regarded as ambivalent (polyvalent) and – yes – context dependant semiotic entities, subject to those changing phases of semantic transition (that is meaning transfocation within certain range of major trends of interpretation, corresponding to a certain color/hue) from one meaning to another in accord with actual semiotic/semantic milieu.

277 Ivo Pospíšil (Brno)
Poetics and Literary History

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In the course of its development literature itself underwent great modifications. The changes of its meaning infl ucenced both the intrinsic and the extrinsic structure of literature, its morphology, genre structure and its affiliation to literary currents. Under the impact of these modifications the history of literature moved between the two dominant poles: the historical poetics which gave birth to the conception of literary history as the history of literary forms, genres and currents on the one hand, and the personalistic history based on the biographical and psychological methods. The search for balance between the two principles of literary history was demonstrated on several volumes of literary histories and lexicographical works. Nowadays it is nearly impossible to conceive a serious history of a national literature without regard to cultural and political studies or to a wider social structures on the comparative level. The author presents the three examples of the literary historical studies concerning modern Russian literature, a complex history of Czech literature seen from France by a slavist of Czech origin, and a dictionary of Russian literature from the 11th to the 20th centuries. All the three examples confirm the tendency towards the convergency of the personalistic, poetological and culturalsociological points of view. The new integration of the “pure” technology of literature in a wider social context is, of course, not defi nite. Its relatively final shape will undoubtedly be the result of further searching for new metamorphoses and balances.

289 Milosav Ž. Čarkić (Belgrade)
Accent and rhyme in the poetry of Serbian modernists

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As accent is considered a key element in composing rhymed pairs, not only in Serbian, but in other literary theories, as well as various studies dedicated to rhyme in general or rhyme as an element of versifi cation, in this paper we have tried to disprove that thesis, taking into account only the poetry of Serbian modernists who used rhyme in its canonized form, abiding by the strictest phonological rules in its structuring and use.
Our research has shown, as was expected, that Serbian modernists mostly used identical accents and lengths in rhymed pairs, observing the canonical principles of rhyming, but they had at their disposal the fewest examples of such rhyme, and many more examples of rhymes with various qualitative and quantitative tonal elements. We have tried to provide a logical explanation for this phenomenon. In our opinion there are two main reasons: the fi rst was the reasonable possibility that Serbian modernists, even though coming from the Serbian- language-speaking area, did not feel the qualitative and quantitative diff erences in the system of Serbian accents; the other was the likelihood that there was in standard Serbian a fairly small number of diff erent lexemes and their forms with identical accents and post-accentual lengths, and that the range of this rhyme system would be very narrow, so that Serbian modernists, aspiring to semantic richness, also searched for varied lexical and formal material, so that even now their rhymes do not sound sterile, but are very rich in their semantics.

305 Горан Максимовић (Ниш)
“Bakonja fra-Brne” like hidden comedy by Matavulj

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In this essay there was researched hidden distinctive trait comedian composition Bakonja fra-Brne by Matavulj. The point were at anecdote version about situations when national doctor Pjevalica treated fra-Brne, then diversity episodes from everyday’s life in monastery and nationals life in pure village, functional located in three parts, which is very close to comedy. On the occasion of tracking for hidden comediographical composition Bakonja fra-Brne, the point were at naturaly Matavulj’s laugh, at forming comical types of heroes, languages and situations comics.

323 Alena Jaklová (České Budějovice)
The first generation of Czech immigrants in America and their periodicals

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The study describes the Czech-American periodicals of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, tracing down the changes brought about in the press of the Czech immigrants through their gradual integration into American society. Such changes could be identified in the titles of the periodicals, in their whole structure and subjects as well as in the contents and semantics of the journalistic texts, especially in their vocabulary.

331 Senka Ivošević (Ankara)
The Role of Prosody in Syntactic Disambiguation in Turkish

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This study investigates the effects of prosody in comprehension of syntactically ambigous structures in Turkish. A two-stage experimental study was conducted to investigate the effect of prosodic boundaries on the listeners’ interpretation of syntactically ambigous sentences. Data from the experiment show that in Turkish, like in previously studied Korean, Japanese and English, prosodic boundaries display strong eff ects on resolving syntactic ambiguity and comprehension of syntactically ambigous structures.

341 Anna Bednarczyk (Łódź)
An Attempt to Translate into Polish Victor Serbsky’s “Беседы с портретами родителей” (Word – Meaning – Context – Mentality)

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The paper concerns the possibilities of translating into Polish the poem cycle Беседы с портретами родителей (Conversations With the Portraits of My Parents) by the Russian (Siberian) writer Victor Serbsky. The cycle is politically charged and was dedicated to the memory of the poet’s parents who had been murdered by the Stalinist regime. Having analysed particular words together with their hidden meanings (dependent on cultural contexts), the author of the paper comes to the conclusion that in the case of Serbsky’s poems the main translative difficulty consists in mentality differences between the primary and the secondary recipient of the text.

355 Elżbieta Sierosławska (Kraków)
Language and music expression in “Requiem” by W. A. Mozart

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The following paper aims at depicting some expression possibilities of language and music on the example of Requiem by W. A. Mozart. Each medium, both the language and the music, has its own means of expression, which might supplement each other in a music piece. The mood of a music composition might be expressed by e.g. rhythm. In W. A. Mozart’s Requiem one can see and hear it very clearly. It is at the very beginning of the piece that we encounter rhythmic figures, which symbolize a cry, a sob. They are the quavers underlined by a music stress which were separated from each other by quaver intervals. In the whole work, at various places and in various voices, one can hear the motif of a sigh (the descending minor second). It is especially audible in the Dies irae. In the same part of Requiem the author expresses the mood of threat by means of various musical emphasis put on particular words while the exceptional sadness of the Lacrimosa part is stressed not only by language phrases but by chromatics as well, touching with melodics and a simple rhythm. That is why, due to a suitable connection of language and musical means of expression, the composer may greatly influence the senses of a musical work of art recipient.

363 Лидија Тантуровска (Скопје)
Lexeme zakon (law) and its use in Macedonian standard language

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The aim of this paper is to present basic and figurative meanings of the lexeme zakon (law) in the five functional styles (administrative, science, journalist, colloquial speech) in Macedonian standard language.

Book Reviewsdownload all reviews (1,24MB)

371 Mилана Радић–Дугоњић (Београд)
Милосaв Ж. Чаркић: Римаријум српске поезије. Међународно удружење „Стил“, Београд – Институт за српски језик САНУ, Београд, 2007, стр. 484.

373 Milan Pokorný (Brno)
Ivo Pospíšil: Střední Evropa a Slované. Filozofická fakulta, Masarykova univerzita 2006.

Jiří Gazda – Ivo Pospíšil: Proměny jazyka a literatury v současných ruských textech. Filozofická fakulta, Masarykova univerzita, Brno 2007.

375 Zdeněk Pechal (Olomouc)
Pospíšil, I.: Ruský román znovu navštívený. Historie, uzlové body vývoje, teorie a mezinárodní souvislosti: Od počátků k výhledu do současnosti. Nadace Universitas. Edice Scientia. Brno 2005.

377 Tadeusz Szczerbowski (Kraków)
Urszula Dąmbska-Prokop: Stylistyka i przekłady: Conrad, Orwell, Beckett. Kraków-Kielce: Wyższa Szkoła Umiejętności im. Stanisława Staszica. – 145 s.

379 Tadeusz Szczerbowski (Kraków)
Kwiryna Handke: Socjologia języka. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2008, 384 s.

381 Андреј Стојановић (Београд)
Српско питање и србистика. Зборник радова 1–3 (Приредили: Петар Милосављевић, Момчило Суботић). – Бачка Паланка: Логос, Ваљево: Књиготворница Логос. – 2007–2008. – 530 стр. + 277 стр. + 337 стр.

392 Наташа Марковић (Београд)
Мирослав Топић, Петар Буњак: Фолклор и превод. Огледи о рецепцији српског народног песништва у пољској књижевности. Филолошки факултет, Београд, 2007, 241 стр.

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397 Бранко Драговић (Београд)
Тамна страна свемира

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403 Мichal Křístek (Brno)
Prof. Milan Jelínek slaví významné životní jubileum (*22. 6. 1923)

404 Mилосав Ж. Чаркић (Београд)
Моји сусрети с професором Миланом Јелинеком

411 Мarie Krčmová (Brno)
Milan Jelínek – Bibliografie prací za léta 1998–2007

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